Resource of the Week: Congruent shapes and scalene triangles

Today we look at two mathematical terms which are less commonly known. Firstly, congruent is a word to conjure with! In fact it has a very simple meaning. If two shapes are congruent then they are identical in every way, including size.

Whilst this is very straightforward, unfortunately people who design maths tests papers make this as difficult as possible, as children are expected to be able to spot congruent shapes even when one of a pair has been turned. By far the easiest way to spot two congruent shapes is to cut one out, or trace it and see if it fits exactly over the other – if it does it is congruent. On this worksheet the aim is to find pairs of shapes which are congruent, and as always, the answers are provided! I do recommend the tracing option!

The second term is scalene. Most people are familiar with equilateral triangles and isosceles triangles but the term scalene triangle is the one that is most frequently forgotten. Quite simply, a scalene triangle is one which has no sides the same length and no equal angles.

These two worksheets can be found in the Year 5, Shape and Measures category.

Congruent shapes

Scalene triangles